A criminal conviction could have a deep impact on somebodys life.
Depending on the severity of the crime, the punishment could vary from fines, to probation, to time in jail. Also, there may be collateral consequences that come with a criminal conviction. The first one is the loss of reputation. The second might be loss of employment. Many employers will fire you if you have been convicted of a crime. Also, your driving privileges may be suspended or terminated.
The most important collateral consequence of a criminal conviction could be deportation from the United States for those that are not U.S. Citizens. In fact, a conviction for a crime of moral turpitude or an aggravated felony will trigger removal proceedings against illegal immigrants as well as lawful permanent residents. Before pleading guilty to a criminal offense, any immigrant should consult with the best criminal immigration lawyers.
Unless you accept a guilty plea from the prosecutor, you will have to face the trial. At the trial, the prosecution will have to convince 12 jurors beyond a reasonable doubt that you committed the crime, and you are guilty before there was no excuse for your behavior. During the trial, your criminal defense attorney will have to object to the admissibility of any prejudicial evidence, or evidence that was obtained unlawfully. For instance, evidence that was obtained without a search warrant could be suppressed from trial.